Thermenregion

Thermenregion: Thermen, as in thermal, region...

This is the locale of the warm springs south of Vienna, made up of 2,450 hectares of vines on the edge of the Vienna Woods, a region created in 1985 by combining the former growing districts Bad Vöslau and Gumpoldskirchen.

Bearing a new name nearly a quarter-century, it's a ancient winegrowing area, grapes have flourished here for more than 2000 years, and the Roman legionaries stationed in Vienna and Carnuntum were happy to expand their cultivation of the vine to these friendly neighboring precincts. That, and they visited the hot springs in the region, around which grew the thriving municipality now called Baden bei Wien, where they built the town of Aquae.

Here winegrowing benefits from the Pannonian climate, with its warm summers and dry autumnal weather conditions, this allows ripening grapes to linger late upon their vines. There's also a great deal of sunshine here, encouraging ripeness.

One major attraction draws from the resurgence of two white heritage grape-varieties: the Rotgipfler and the Zierfandler. These thrive particularly in the northern precincts near Vienna, while in the southern portion of Thermenregion it's the classic Austrian red variety St Laurent that puts the game in motion. Rotgipfler and Zierfandler appear together in cuvees (often called Spätrot-Rotgipfler) or as monovarietal wines. They both do well in the heavy soils of clay and brown earth, which typically contains a significant measure of limestone. Neuburger flourishes here as well, and the red grape Blauer Portugieser, which was once called Vöslauer, because of its affinity for the region. Thermenregion offers, however, a diversity of soil types, and the red wines grow oftentimes in spare and stony soils.

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